People, Races, Ethnicity in the U.S. English Americans Part 2
About the English Americans in the U.S. including where they are from, why they left, how many there are, famous English-Americans and more.
Where they Came From: Of the 101 settlers who came to America on the Mayflower in 1620, 35 were Pilgrims who had fled from Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, in the East Midlands, in 1608, to Leiden, Holland. In addition to these Separatists, there were indentured servants and artisans from London and Southampton.
In the 19th century, English settlers came from the mining countries of the North--Durham, Cumberland, Northumberland, and Yorkshire; from industrial centers like York, Hull, Manchester, Leeds, and Liverpool; and, of course, from London.
More recently immigrants have come to the U.S. from universities, laboratories, and corporations throughout England.
Where They Settled: The first English settlement was Jamestown, Va., a few miles up the James River from the Atlantic. A decade later the Puritans began building towns in New England, particularly in Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island. Then came settlers to the new lands of Lord Baltimore (Maryland), William Penn (Pennsylvania), and James Oglethorpe (Georgia). Today, Americans of English stock dominate nearly every state, with the exception of Hawaii and the southwestern states.
Numbers: As of 1619, 9,000 English lived in North America. When George III, the king who provoked the American Revolution, acceded to the English throne in 1760, there were 1.2 million of his subjects in America, most of them English.
From 1820, when immigration figures of a sort were first kept, to 1975, 3,136,572 English came to the U.S. The number of U.S. citizens of English stock can only be guessed at. Anyone whose family has been in this country more than 100 years most probably has English blood. This includes blacks, 70% of whom have white blood, most of it English.
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