Animal Info Cows or Cattle Physical Facts

About the physical facts of cattle and cows including breeds, size, weight and description.



Cattle stand about 5 ft. tall at the shoulder and weigh between 1,000 and 1,700 lb., although some bulls weigh 2,000 or more. Members of the ox family, cattle have bulky bodies, long tails, hollow horns, cloven hooves, and broad, flat vegetarian teeth for tearing up grass. A cow's udder has four sections to hold her milk.

During the late 18th century, Robert Bakewell, an English farmer, originated modern livestock-breeding procedures. Today there are 277 breeds, classified as beef, dairy, draft, or combinations of same. Popular dairy breeds include the Holstein-Friesian, Jersey, Guernsey, Brown Swiss, and Ayrshire. Among outstanding beef breeds are Hereford, Brahman (or Zebu), Aberdeen-Angus, Shorthorn, Santa Gertrudis, Galloway, Africander, Charolais, and Simmental.

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