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United States and American History: 1882

About the history of the United States in 1882, bank robber Jesse James is killed, Congress passed Chinese Exclusion Act, Standard Oil Trust is created.

1882

--"Opening" of Korea.

--Pace v. Alabama--Supreme Court ruled that an Alabama law providing severer punishment for illegal interracial sexual intercourse than for illegal sexual intercourse in which both parties were of the same race did not violate the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment.

Jan. 2 Through legal chicanery, Samuel C. T. Dodd, attorney for John D. Rockefeller, circumvented current anti-monopoly laws by creating the Standard Oil Trust, a powerful cartel.

Jan. 3 Under the auspices of Richard D'Oyly Carte, producer of the Gilbert and Sullivan comic operettas, 28-year-old Oscar Wilde, playwright, poet, wit, set foot on American soil, having sailed from Liverpool for a coast-to-coast lecture tour. "Have you anything to declare?" asked the customs inspector. "Nothing," said Wilde, "nothing but my genius." The lecture tour grossed pound 4,000, of which Wilde got pound 1,200. Ready to board his Cunard ship for England 12 months later, Wilde was asked his opinion of the average American. The average American? "For him Art has no marvel, and Beauty no meaning, and the Past no message."

Apr. 3 Bank robber Jesse James was shot and killed by a member of his own gang at St. Joseph, Mo.

May 6 Congress passed the Chinese Exclusion Act, suspending entry into U.S. of all Chinese laborers for 10 years. The next year Chinese immigration plummeted by 4/5, down to a mere 8,000.

Sept. 4 Edison switched on 1st commercial electric lights in New York Central Station.

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