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History of Legal and Illegal Drugs from 1900 to 1910 A.D.

About the history of legal and illegal drugs from 1900 to 1910 a.d. in particular, popularity on heroin, Coca-Cola and caffeine, the Food and Drug Act.

1900 In an address to the Ecumenical Missionary Conference, Rev. Wilbur F. Crafts declares: "No Christian celebration of the completion of 19 Christian centuries has yet been arranged. Could there be a fitter one than the general adoption, by separate and joint action of the great nations of the world, of the new policy of civilization, in which Great Britain is leading, the policy of prohibition for native races, in the interest of commerce as well as conscience, since the liquor traffic among child races, even more manifestly than in civilized lands, injures all other trades by producing poverty, disease, and death. Our object, more profoundly viewed, is to create a more favorable environment for the child races that civilized nations are essaying to civilize and Christianize."

1900 James R. L. Daly, writing in the Boston Medical and Surgical Journal, declares: "It [heroin] possesses many advantages over morphine. . . . It is not hypnotic; there is no danger of acquiring the habit. . . ."

1901 The Senate adopts a resolution, introduced by Henry Cabot Lodge, to forbid the sale by American traders of opium and alcohol "to aboriginal tribes and uncivilized races." These provisions are later extended to include "uncivilized elements in America itself and in its territories, such as Indians, Alaskans, the inhabitants of Hawaii, railroad workers, and immigrants at ports of entry."

1901 In Colorado, a bill is introduced, but is defeated, making not only morphine and cocaine but also "malt, vinous and spiritous liquors" available only on a physician's prescription.

1902 The Committee on the Acquirement of the Drug Habit of the American Pharmaceutical Association declares: "If the Chinaman cannot get along without his 'dope,' we can get along without him."

1902 George E. Petey, writing in the Alabama Medical Journal, observes: "Many articles have appeared in the medical literature during the last 2 years lauding this new agent. . . . When we consider the fact that heroin is a morphine derivative . . . it does not seem reasonable that such a claim could be well founded. It is strange that such a claim should mislead anyone or that there should be found among the members of our profession those who would reiterate and accentuate it without 1st subjecting it to the most critical tests, but such is the fact."

1903 The composition of Coca-Cola is changed, caffeine replacing the cocaine it contained until this time.

1904 Charles Lyman, president of the International Reform Bureau, petitions the President of the U.S. "to induce Great Britain to release China from the enforced opium traffic. . . . We need not recall in detail that China prohibited the sale of opium, except as a medicine, until the sale was forced upon that country by Great Britain in the Opium War of 1840."

1905 Sen. Henry W. Blair, in a letter to Rev. Wilbur F. Crafts, superintendent of the International Reform Bureau: "The temperance movement must include all poisonous substances which create or excite unnatural appetite, and international prohibition is the goal."

1906 The 1st Pure Food and Drug Act becomes law; until its enactment, it was possible to buy, in stores or by mail order, medicines containing morphine, cocaine, or heroin, and without their being so labeled.

1909 The U.S. prohibits the importation of smoking opium.

1910 Dr. Hamilton Wright, considered by some the father of U.S. antinarcotics laws, reports that American contractors give cocaine to their Negro employees to get more work out of them.

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